Skip to content
A woman on a park basketball court shooting a plastic bottle in into a basket with a chasing arrows recycling symbol while trash is piled on the other side
Knowledge Base

20 Surprising Facts About Litter

Littering is long-standing problem along U.S. roadways and waterways. Our facts about litter shed a light on the scope of the problem.

RoadRunner | September 16, 2021


Behind every roadside potato chip bag, bobbing beer can in the park pond, and bottle caps where there should be seashells, a choice was made: someone left it there.

Litter happens in an instant. Something that was once a container, a wrapper or a can only becomes environmental waste once it leaves a human’s hand. And the truth hurts to know there was a much better decision that could have been made—more often than not, it could have been recycled.

As we mark September’s National Cleanup Day and beyond, we’re providing a collection of shocking facts about America’s litter problem that will inspire you to always choose to recycle (as well as some effective ways your business can clean up its community).

[What RoadRunner's tech-enhanced, fully-managed waste services looks like for your business]

The Facts About Litter in the U.S.

1. U.S. roadways accumulate over 51 billion pieces of litter per year.¹

2. There are an estimated 6,729 pieces of litter per roadway mile.¹

3. On average, there are 152 pieces of litter for every U.S. resident.¹

4. The most commonly littered items are cigarette butts, food wrappers, plastic bottles, disposable cups, grocery bags, straws and aluminum beverage cans.¹

5. Litter cleanups cost the U.S. an estimated $11.5 billion annually.¹

6. Paying the costs, businesses pay $9.1 billion, NGOs pay $769 million, educational institutions pay $240 million and the rest is paid using your state and local tax dollars.³

7. The presence of litter in your neighborhood or community lowers property values by 7%.¹

8. Packaging litter makes up 46% of litter measuring 4 inches or greater.¹

9. 2.6 billion pieces of food packaging litter (snack bags, candy wrappers, etc.) were identified in a 2020 survey of U.S. roadways and waterways.²

10. 394.7 million fast-food cups and 423 million other fast-food packaging items were identified in the same survey.²

11. Plastic waste comprises 38.6% of all litter.²

12. An average American litters or improperly disposes of 100 plastic bottles per year.⁷

13. 207 million items of PPE masks and gloves were found across America’s roads and waterways in 2020.²

14. An estimated 350 million plastic bags were discovered on U.S. roadways and waterways in 2020, 94.6% of which were HDPE grocery bags.²

15. 100,000 marine mammals and turtles and 1 million sea birds are killed by marine plastic pollution every year.⁵

16. Between 10–12 million metric tons of plastic waste enters the ocean each year.⁶

17. Without immediate action, researchers estimate 29 million metric tons will enter the oceans annually by 2040.⁶

18. One million marine animals are killed by plastic marine litter every year.³

19. Both direct and indirect costs from plastic marine litter is estimated to cost the world $197 billion by 2030.⁴

20. A littered plastic water bottle takes 450 years to decompose; an aluminum can takes 200; a glass bottle takes 1 million.⁸

How to Take Action Against Litter

Considering 75% of the United States’ overall waste stream is recyclable according to the EPA, the same ratio can rationally be applied to how much the nation litters. 

But unlike our processed waste stream, where 32.1% is actually recycled, the same can’t be said for environmental waste. Once it’s out there, it’s difficult to retrieve.

That’s why an efficient and comprehensive recycling program should always be Plan A for your business. For any commercial operation, aligning with a responsible recycling partner ensures that your company never contributes to mismanaged environmental waste.

RoadRunner, an award-winning, industry-leader in waste & recycling management, recognizes the need for efficiency to guarantee recyclables reach their end markets (and not the landfill, roadway, or beach). 

[Read more about RoadRunner's RecycleMORE™ program]

Engaging Employees for National Cleanup Day

Even with the most stringent and proactive recycling policies in place, litter is inevitable. That’s where the concept of recovery comes in. As Plan B, organized cleanup efforts are crucial for healthy communities.

Mobilizing this idea, National CleanUp Day encourages businesses and community members to pick up (and recycle) litter strewn across parks, roadways, and near waterways. Annually held on the third Saturday in September, RoadRunner’s employees have continually shown passion and accountability through avid participation.

RoadRunner employees helping to clean up Pittsburgh

As the COVID-19 pandemic has made gathering more difficult, National Cleanup Day has opened the completion of this civic duty to the entire month of September, as well as plenty of options for going to a cleanup solo.

keys to a strong response from employees:

1. Align the Activity with Your Company Goals

Showing responsibility and respect for the communities your employees live in should be a goal for any company. Announce your intentions for this cleanup to the company and commit to the cause by sharing a few of the surprising facts from above.

2. Make It Official

Set a firm date for the cleanup. Set a meeting point and time. Start a list for attendees. And to demonstrate your ongoing commitment, you could announce National Cleanup Day will be a yearly tradition for your company. If you don’t want to start your own, you can always join another group’s cleanup, too.

3. Reward Your Employees

Gathering outside of the work or office setting is great for camaraderie. While the ultimate reward is a cleaner community and sense of pride for helping the environment, providing your employees with a coffee (in a recyclable cup) or a pre- or post-activity snack is sometimes all that’s needed to get your workforce out there in numbers.

Sources for “The Facts About Litter in the U.S.”:

1. Keep America Beautiful.Litter in America.”

2. Keep America Beautiful.2020 National Litter Study.”

3. Yahoo.It Costs Over $11 Billion Per Year To Clean Up Litter.”

4. Science Direct.The cost of marine litter damage.

5. Surfers Against Sewage. "Plastic Pollution: Facts and Figures."

6. National Geographic. Plastic trash flowing into the seas will nearly triple by 2040 without drastic action.

7. Washington Post. “Congrats! You dump 100 plastic bottles in nature each year.

8. Peace Corps. “Timeline for Decomposition.



Let's get the conversation started on how to drive recycling and cost savings for your business.